If we were to talk about one of the most important medical advances in medicine, the discovery of anesthesia would definitely be one of the most significant and impactful. And it is that the anesthesia arose to revolutionize the exercise of the medicine since it grants to the patients more security and fewer possibilities of pain. As for the doctors, it helps them to be able to better maneuver the techniques for some procedures, for example, liposuction Tijuana.
What kind of anesthesia is on the market?
There are different types of anesthesia, and these different formulas are placed according to the procedure or in the part of the body where the anesthesia will be placed.
Local: Just as its name says, this substance is placed only in the area where it is going to work. This type of anesthesia is only used for specific procedures, where no major surgery will be performed. Maybe some process on the hand or feet, of course, to give an example.
Regional: This anesthesia is injected into areas where more space is needed. It is usually injected into the area of the spinal cord, as this part is ideal for sleeping a specific section of the body. This type of formula is administered for surgeries where it is necessary to block the nerves to perform more surgical interventions.
General: In this type of anesthesia, the patient will be completely asleep; the amount supplied will depend significantly on the length of time the surgery will last. For this type of procedure, the patient must be intubated so that he can breathe through this means. The substance can be administered using gas, or it can be injected.
It is essential to differentiate between the terms anesthesia and sedation. In the latter, the person only falls asleep, in total relaxation, but is still aware of what is happening, so it is not necessary to resort to intubation for breathing. In anesthesia, the person also falls asleep. Still, the difference is that the individual is unable to move and feel pain during the process.
How do doctors and patients prepare for anesthesia?
First, before administering this formula, the anesthesiologist must have a short interview with the patient. This is so that the specialist can know if there is any disease or allergy that may react with the substance.
As for the patient, it is necessary to go for six hours without eating any food and two hours without drinking any liquid. This is done because at the time of placing the anesthesia may cause the larynx not to have the ability to close; this would cause the patient to suffer from vomiting, and this waste travel to the lungs, endangering the health of the person. That is why it is crucial to have this range of hours without food and drinks.
Another significant procedure to perform before anesthesia is to place monitors that can help control the patient’s heart rhythm. In this way, everyone involved in the surgery can be aware of the heart rate and know if the person is in a stable state.
Will the patient feel anything?
No, the patient will not feel anything, and that is the purpose that the person is not stressed during the procedure. Once he wakes up, the person will not have realized the amount of time he was under anesthesia. You may feel disoriented at first, or there may not be good muscle coordination, but that is normal. After a few hours, doctors may provide some medication if the patient begins to feel severe pain from the procedure.
It is important to avoid problems with the procedure, the hospital or clinic has a qualified anesthesiologist to administer the formula, as well as a medical team that knows about the administration of this formula. This allows the patient to feel safe before, during, and after the procedure.